Periodontal (Gum) Diseases
The simplest form of gum disease is gingivitis, which is a reaction to a build up of plaque on the teeth.
The earliest sign of disease is bleeding gums. They may also look red and swollen.
Gingivitis can often be cured by good mouth hygiene-brushing twice a day and using aids such as interdental brushes to clean between your teeth.
If the disease progresses through poor mouth hygiene, the tissues holding teeth in place start to break down and pockets in the gum form around the teeth which allow even more plaque to gather. It is usually painless and can become severe if not treated resulting in teeth becoming loose, appearing to move position or to fall out.
Symptoms to watch out for:
gums that have come away from teeth
pus between the teeth and gums
persistant bad breath or a bad taste
permanent teeth that are loose or are changing position
Regular visits to the dentist or hygienist can help work alongside your mouth hygiene and keep your mouth clean.
In more severe cases, more visits and deep cleaning is required.